Obstetric Analgesia and Anesthesia

Analgesia is known as the loss or adjustment of pain perception. It might be local, affecting only a small area of the body, regional, affecting a wider area of the body, or systemic, affecting the entire body. Anesthesia is defined as the complete loss of sensory awareness, which may also include consciousness. Regional anesthesia is achieved through local anesthetic procedures in obstetrics, while general anesthesia is achieved with systemic medicine and endotracheal intubation. Analgesia is a term that refers to states in which pain perception is just modulated. Anesthesia refers to the loss of mental awareness and the perception of other feelings. Anesthesia may be required within minutes following a full meal if labor develops unexpectedly.

Many women want pain relief during labor and delivery, and there are a variety of medical reasons for analgesia and anesthesia at this time. During labor and vaginal delivery, caesarean delivery, removal of retained placenta, and postpartum tubal ligation, obstetric anesthesia refers to per partum anesthetic and analgesic activities. Anesthesia treatments for labor analgesia and surgical anesthesia should be accessible in all hospitals that provide maternal care.


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